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古代宫廷中的端午习俗

古代宫廷中的端午习俗

2020年06月23日 10:26 来源:天津时时彩_天津时时彩平台网站---官网_欢迎您 参与互动参与互动

  daiyongxia

  duanwushijifuminzutesedechuantongjieri,zhijinyiyouliangqianduonianlishi。tadejiesuhuodongfengfuduocai,shiqingnongyu,budanzaiminjianguangweiliuchuan,zaiguoqudehuanggongzhongyeposhouqinglai。erqie,youyuhuangjiadeteshuxuyao,yixiejiesuyouyouxindefazhan,zengtianleyixiexindeneirong。zheiyibianhua,zaitangdaiyihouyouweimingxian。

  tangdaigongtingzhongdeduanwuxisu,daduoyijiangyuanyoudetedingyiyidanhua,yanbianweiyizhongyiyuleweizhudehuodong。rutanggongzhongguoduanwuyechizongzi,zongzibudanpinzhongduo,erqiebiechuxincai。tangxuanzongkaiyuannianjian,gongzhongjiuzhizuochuyizhongkegongyulede“fentuan”zongzi。jiang“fentuan”zhiyupanzhong,zaicongshaoyuanchuyongxiaogongjiansheji,beishezhongzhebiankequershizhi。yin“fentuan”youxiaoyouhua,jiaonanshezhong,wanqilaibijiaoyouqu,zheiyiyouxihenkuaiconggongzhongchuanzhiminjian,chengweiguangfanliuchuandeduanwuxisu。

  端午在唐朝已成为一个重要节日,皇帝也十分看重,常常会在这一天大赏群臣。皇帝赏赐的常用之物是扇子。据《唐会要》记载,贞观十八年(644年)端午节这天,唐太宗御笔亲题“鸾”“凤”“蝶”“龙”四个字于“飞白扇”上,赐给司徒长孙无忌和吏部尚书杨师道,并说: “五月旧俗,必用服玩相贺。今朕各遗卿飞白扇二枚,庶动清风,以赠美德。”除扇子外,服饰、食品、药品等也可作为赠品。有一年端午节,在朝中任左拾遗的杜甫就得到一件唐肃宗赐的夏衣。杜甫在《端午日赐衣》一诗中写道: “宫衣亦有名,端午被恩荣。细葛含风软,香罗叠雪轻。自天题处湿,当暑著来清。意内称长短,终身荷圣情。”

天津时时彩  songdaihuanggongzhongdeduanwujieguodegengweilongzhong。juwuzimude《menglianglu》jizai: duanwujieqian,gongzhongzhuanshedezaobanjigouyaojingxinzhizuoyixiehongshacaijinxiazi,xiazhongfangzheyongchangpuhuotongcaodiaokedetianshiyuhuxiang,sizhouweizhewusechangpuye。xiazhonghaifangzhezhucuizuochengdeshe、xie、xiyi、wugongdengduchong,sizhouyongzhuanmenjiangfutamendelingyejikuihua、liuhuadenghuaduocuyongzhe,xiangzhengduitamenjinxingjiaomie。huangdizaizheitiananguanlishangcidachenjingtong、fudaidengwupin,neizhuanggeshitangguo、jinhua、qiaozongdeng,yizairangduxiaozai,qiqiupinganjixiang。nansongpiananxiaochaotingduanwujiezheitiandehuodongyehenshehua。ju《qianchunsuishiji》jizai,meizhiduanwujie,gongneidouyaochashipanjia,baishegongfengtianshi、aihudeshanzishushizuo,haijiangwusepusi、baicaoshuangshengzaisancengdedahezhong,limianzhuangzhezhucui、aicaojikuihua、liuhuadenggezhonghuaduo,yijiyongzhucuizuochengdewugong、she、xiyi、xiedengduchong。zheiyitian,gongzhonghaijiangchazhekuihua、liuhua、zhizidenghuadejishigedajinpinghuanraozhediangebaifangqilai,yongyiquduquxie。huangshangzheitianyaoxianghoufei、neishi、zhugechenliaoxingshang,shangcidewupinyouzhenzhuyucui、lingluochouduandeng。congshangcidehaochishangyekekanchu,dangshidejiesuyiliyuanlaidejinianyiyixiangqushenyuan。

  yuandaigongzhongguoduanwu,shouhanzuchuantongyingxiang,yejuxingqingzhuhuodong,chubaoliuchaaihu、xuanzhufu、zenghuashan、sailongzhoudengjiesuwai,youzengjialesheliuhechuiwandengxinneirong。sheliujiushiqizaimashangyongjiansheliuzhi。duanwuzheitian,zaijibaiguotiandihou,gongzhongbianjinxingsheliubisai: xianzaiguangchangshangchaliangxingliuzhi,cansaizheanzunbeizhangyoupaichengjidui。bisaishi,cansaizheqimafeiben,yongwuyucujiansheliu。jisheduanliuzhiyounengshoujieduanliufeichiliquzheweishangdeng,zhisheduanliuzhierbunengjiezhuduanliuzheweizhongdeng,shebuduanhuoshebuzhongzheweixiadeng。shangzhongdengweisheng,xiadengweifu。neihuobaochangmian,qiarumingdaishirengaoqisuoxie: “bushehuaxionghou,yingqianzhetiaoduan。yifawanrenhu,qingqingzhengzhongduan。”chuiwanyouchengbudaqiu,jitubuhuizhangdaqiu,yuxiandaidaqugunqiuxiangsi。zheiliangxianghuodongzaiyuandaidoubijiaoxingsheng,yineryechengleduanwujiegongzhongyuledezhongyaoneirong。

  mingdaigongzhongdeduanwujie,congwuyuechuyiqi,yizhiguodaowuyueshisanri。zheiqijian,gongshidedamenliangpangdoubaifangzhechayouchangpuheaihaodehuapen;menshangxuanguadediaopingshang,huazhetianshi、xianzi、xiannvzhijianjiangwududegushi,xuanyizhengyuefangche。gongjuanneichenmenyedouchuanshangxiuyouwudu、aihudebuzimangyi,yongzheizhongjierizhuangshulaixiang“duchong”xuanzhan。daowuyuechuwuzheitian,huodongdadaogaochao。wufanshi,gongzhongdejuanshuchenliaodouyinyongzhusha、xionghuang、changpuniangzhideyaojiu,chizongzihejiasuanguoshuidewentaomian。houfeigongnvzepeidaiaiye,shenshanghuazhezhibingfu,xinggaocailiedidaohouhuayuanguanshangshengkaideshiliuhua。

  qingdaigongzhongdeduanwujiexisuyumingdaidatongxiaoyi,zhishigengweilongzhongrenao。jieshi,gegongdiandouguaqiwududiaoping,menshangchazhechangpubang,fangzhongtiezhewudufu,guazhetianshi、zhongkuixiang;huangdijiqinjuantoudaiaihao,yaopeihuiyouwuduhelongzhoudengtuandehebao,yiciquxiebie,qiqiupingan。

  这天的节俗活动,最主要的是登龙舟、吃粽子。一份清宫档案这样记载雍正皇帝在圆明园过端午的情景: 这天一早,王公大臣便云集勤政殿向雍正皇帝行叩节礼,随后陪同皇帝出宫到圆明园,登上数十艘龙舟,在波平如镜的湖面上由东海至西海畅游。装饰一新的龙舟上,琴瑟声声,锣鼓齐鸣,场面十分热闹。雍正皇帝将蒲酒、粽子等分赏给群臣,与之共食共乐,直到傍晚才返回宫中。再一项活动就是赏赐朝臣。端午这天,皇帝照例要把羽扇、食品、药物、茶叶等赐给大臣们。另外,宫中这天还用演戏来庆贺节日。演出的剧目主要有《阐道除邪》《灵符济世》《怯邪应节》《采药降魔》《奉敕除妖》等,热闹有趣,进一步活跃了节日气氛。

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