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对酒当歌,横槊赋诗——曹操的音乐人生

对酒当歌,横槊赋诗——曹操的音乐人生

2020年06月12日 11:21 来源:天津时时彩_天津时时彩平台网站---官网_欢迎您 参与互动参与互动

天津时时彩  caocaobujinshizhongguolishishangzhimingdezhengzhijia、sixiangjia、wenxuejia,erqieqiduiyinlezhigongxian,yiburongxiaoqu,zhongguogudaizhongyaolezhongqingshangle,bianchuangshiyucaocao。

  qingshanglexingqiyucaoweishiqi,shangchenghandaixianghegezhichuantong,xiaqisuitangyanlezhixiansheng,yisancao(caocao、caopi、caozhi)weihexindejiananwenrentuanti,bujincuchenglefumingedewenrenhuazhuanxing,gengrangqingshangleshengmingqueqi。guomaoqian《lefushiji》juansishisi“qingshangquci”yun: “qinglezhe,jiudaizhiyisheng。qishijixianghesandiaoshiye,binghanweiyilaijiuqu,qicijiegudiaojiweisanzusuozuo。”zhongrong《shipinxu》yiyan: “jiangjijianan,caogongfuzi,duhaosiwen……binbinzhisheng,dabeiyushiyi”。

  caozhiyannaifu“gongzhuyasong,beizhiseqin”(《wudilei》),《caocaoji》suoshoushige20yushou,jieweilefugeci。hanlefuqucidaduocaiziminjian,gediaobugao。caocaoduiyinleyouzheqiangliexihao,qifurenbianshibenshimaichangdegenv,gu“taizuweirentiaoyiwuweizhong,haoyinle,changyouzaice,changyiridaxi”(《sanguozhi·wudiji》zhuyin《caomanchuan》),jingchangtongxiaodadan、feiqinwangshidilingshangmingeshidiao。jiuzaimiliuzhiji,caocaohailiuxiayiling,yaoqiujiangshengqiansuoyongdegejileduiquanbuanzhidaotongquetai,meiyuedechuyi、shiwuliangtian,haiyaolachulairerenaonaodiyanzouyifan,rangzijizaijiuquanzhixiayenengxinshangdaorenshijianmeimiaodeyinle,duiyinledezhiaikeweizhisibuyu。

  “建安之后,天下文士遭罹兵战。曹氏父子鞍马间为文,往往横槊赋诗,故其抑扬怨哀悲离之作,尤极于古。”(元稹《唐故工部员外郎杜君墓系铭并序》)曹操于戎马倥偬之际,不废吟咏,“登高必赋,及造新诗,被之管弦,皆成乐章”(《三国志·武帝纪》注引王沈《魏书》),他填写的乐府诗如《蒿里行》《短歌行》《步出夏门行》《薤露行》等在当时就众口相传,风靡一时。

  zuoweiluxunbixia“gaizaowenzhangdezushi”,caocaozailefugeshidechuangzuozhong,budaoxiqianrenchengfa,buduanzhuiqiuxinbian。《duangexing》,jucuibao《gujinzhu》yun: “zhangge、duange,yanrenshoumingzhangduan,geyoudingfen,bukewangqiu”,chongmansuminglundechenfuguannian,ercaocaochuangzuode《duangexing》zaiyongchang“duijiudangge,renshengjihe”detongshi,yourongruqiqiuxianruoke、yitongtianxiadexiongxinzhuangzhi,“shanbuyangao,haibuyanshen,zhougongtubu,tianxiaguixin”,jizheishouguquzhurulequanxindeneihanyuyijing,suichengqiangumingpian。《haolixing》《xieluxing》,gucijieweisangge,erzaicaocaobixiazechengweimiaoxiedonghanmoniandongzhuobaoxinghejunfahunzhandexushigequ,“shengminbaiyiyi,nianzhiduanrenchang”。《buchuxiamenxing》weihandailefuxianghegezhongdesediaoqu,yuanshigantanrenshengwuchang,zhuixunqiuxiandedao,beicaocaogaizaocheng《guancanghai》《dongshiyue》《heshuohan》《guisuishou》dengsishoushuhuaiyongzhidebuxiulezhang,“xingshenzhizai,geyiyongzhi”。qingrenchenzuoming《caishutanggushixuan》yanqi“mingyanjiang,qianqiushirenkangkai。mengdenengyusanbaipianwai,dupisiyanshengdiao,gushijuechang”。

天津时时彩  caocaoduiyinledekuaihaibeibianpaicheng“yichangyinlehuiyinfadexuean”。zaihefeishixinghuagongyuanyougemingyue“zhengdipu”dejingdian,《soushenhouji》yun:

  lujiangzhengdipu,puyoudabo,fuzaishuizhong,yunshicaogongbochuan。changyouyurenyesuqipang,yichuanxizhi,danwenzhengdixianjiezhishengjixiangqiyinyun。yurenyoumengrenquqian,yun: wujinguanchuan。cirenjingjue,jiyichuanqu。xiangchuanyuncaogongzaishuji,chuanfuyuci,jinyoucunyan。

  zheigechuanshuozaiminjianbuduanyanhua,chengweiyigeqingjiewanzhengdegushi: dangnianjindoumenwaiyufeishuixiangjiechu,dashuihaodang,luweimaomi,shuizhongyoudao,huazhufansheng,fengguangxiumei,zhangliaozaixiaoyaojindabaisunquanhou,caocaochengzuoyitiaodabaichuan,yuzhongjiangshizaichuanshangchangyinhuanqing,bingzhaolaigejizaichuanshangzoulezhuxing。yanchudaolegaochao,zhongjiangshiyiqiyongxiangcaocaohuanhuzhijing,zhishidachuanshiqupingheng,chuanfurenfan,lejishengbei。caocaoziranbeirenjiuqi,gejizexiangxiaoyuyun。cihoumeidaoyeli,zheilibianhuiruqiannvyouhunbanxiangqizhengzhengzoulezhisheng,“zhengdipu”youcideming。mingqingshiqi,jindouhewanyanliuguonijifuzhoudeguzhengdipu,bishuhuangli,liushuicongcong,yulangdiaoting,wuliyansuo,fengguangruhua。qingjiaqingbaniande《hefeixianfuguochengtu》shangrengbiaoyouzhengdipu,cengrenhefeizhixianbingzhubian《jiaqinghefeixianzhi》dezuofuyoushiyun: “soushenxunjiupu,langshuoqiluofen。yanzhiyishijin,qinggehechuwen。luohuaxiaobieguan,huangmengsanchaoyun。huishouxilingshu,hecengzhuxixun”。rujinzhengdipuyigaijianchengyichurengonghu。

  weiwendicaopiduiyinledeaihaoburangnaifu,youyanshangle、xuansezhengshengchengweiqishigechuangzuodeyuanquan,zai《yuwuzhishu》zhong,caopixiedao: “meizhishangzhuoliuxing,sizhubingzou,jiuhanerre,yangerfushi,dangcizhishi,huranbuzizhileye”。qidicaozhiyejizaicaopiyanyinshigelebingjudeqingxing,“qirenjinqile,gezhechuxiqin”(《shitaizizuo》)。caopihainengzidanzichang,“《duangexing·yangzhan》yiqu,weishiyiling,shijieshuozoule,weiwenzhicici,zifuzhenghege。gezheyun,guiguandanzheng,guiguanjiweiwenye”(《gujinlelu》yinwangsengqian《jilu》)。caopide《yangexing》beishiweitianjinshishicaiguoqiyangeshizhihaoshi,shizhonggengshimingquetidao“yuansemingxianfaqingshang”,zujianqingshanglezaidangshiyishijiaxianhusong。

  chensiwangcaozhigengyou“caigaobadou”zhiyu,jingtongyinle,yi“guquduomiuwu”,“guyiqianqugaizuoxingewupian”,gaibianchengliuchuanzhijinde《piwuge》wushou。caozhihaibeizunweizhongguofojiaoyinledechuangshiren,yicitazaidongaxianyushanyouwan,“huwenkongzhongfantianzhixiang,qingyaaiwan,qishengdongxin”,jifaqichuangzuolinggan,“zhishenganshenli,miwufaying,naimoqishengjie,xieweifanbei,zhuanwenzhiyin,chuanweihoushi,fanshengxianshi,shiyuciyan”(《fayuanzhulin·beizanpian》),zheibianshibeilierudierpiguojiajifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanmingludeyushanfanbei。

  youyutongzhizhedeteshuxihao,caoweizaizhongyangjigouzhongzhuanmenshelileqingshangshu,caocaopingdinghebeiqiandouyechenghou,qitongquetai,zongqinggewushengse,“lezhongguerweiyang”。juhusansheng《zizhitongjian》zhuyun: “weitaizuqitongjue(que)taiyuye,zizuolefu,beiyuguanxian。housuizhiqingshanglingyizhangzhi,shuguangluxun”,jiangcaocaojianzaotongquetaizuoweiqingshanglexingqideyuantou。nanchaowangsengqianyiyan: “jinzhiqingshang,shiyoutongque,weishisanzu,fengliukehuai,jingluoxianggao,jiangzuomizhong”(《songshu·lezhi》)。

  caocaobudanyahaolefuminge,duigongtingyaleyejiayibaocunyuhuifu。yalezai“hanmodaluan,zhonglelunque”dekunjingzhong,gengyilinianbingxianbuzhi,qihuifuyuzhongjianzirankunnanzhongzhong。caocaopingdingjingzhouhou,xihuolerendukui。dukui“yizhiyinweiyalelang”,jingtongyinlv,“congsiguoren,sizhubayin,misuobuneng”,zhishibushanzhanggewubiaoyan。caocaorenmingdukuiweijunmoujijiu,“cantaileshi,yinlingchuangzhiyale……zongtongyanjing,yuankaozhujing,jincaigushi,jiaoxijiangyi,beizuoleqi。shaofuxiandaigule,jiezikuishiye”(《sanguozhi·dukuichuan》)。jingguocaocaodengrendebuxienuli,caopijiweihoubujiu(huangchuernian),yaleyijubeixiangdangguimo,yishijianzhenshi“sihongguren,xianyugengshi”,dukuiyeyoucishengrentaileling、xielvdouwei。

  hanxiandijiananershiwunianzhengyuegengzi(gongyuan220nian3yue15ri),caocaozailuoyangbingshi。tajiyuxianshizhuyichuangzuoshoufa,jianyihongweizhixiangxiang,duilefushidetizhijinxingledadangexin,fazhuangxin,shuhaoqing,biaoxianchushangshijingshenyutongdazuofeng。caocaoduihanlefudegaizao,tuokuanlelefuyinledechuangzuolingyuyuyishubiaoxianli,weiqifazhanzhuruxindehuoli,zheiduiqingshangledexingchengnaizhizhongguoyinleshidezouxiang,junchanshengleshenyuanyingxiang,lijing1800niandesuiyueliuzhuan,yiranyiyishenghui。

  (作者: 黄敏学,系绍兴文理学院艺术学院副教授、硕士生导师)

【编辑:张燕玲】
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